Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method JModuleHelper::renderModule() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/cache/handler/callback.php on line 99

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/plugins/system/advancedmodules/modulehelper.php on line 143

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getCmd() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/plugins/system/advancedmodules/modulehelper.php on line 144

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 255

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 134

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getLanguage() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/plugins/system/advancedmodules/modulehelper.php on line 188

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getBool() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/plugins/system/advancedmodules/modulehelper.php on line 219

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 217

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 151

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 511

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/plugins/system/advancedmodules/advancedmodules.php on line 132
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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JModuleHelper::getLayoutPath() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/mod_mainmenu.php on line 42

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/plugins/system/advancedmodules/modulehelper.php on line 266

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 511

Strict Standards: Non-static method modMainMenuHelper::render() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/tmpl/default.php on line 82

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 346

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRoute::_() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 107

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/methods.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 372

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRouter::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 674

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 675

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 419

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 401

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 295

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/components/com_content/router.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 90

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::base() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 109

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRoute::_() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 107

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/methods.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 372

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRouter::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 674

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 675

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 419

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 401

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 295

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getComponent() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/components/com_contact/router.php on line 23

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/components/com_contact/router.php on line 24

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 90

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::base() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 109

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRoute::_() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 107

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/methods.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 372

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRouter::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 674

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 675

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 419

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 401

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 295

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/components/com_content/router.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 90

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::base() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 109

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRoute::_() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 107

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/methods.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 372

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRouter::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 674

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 675

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 419

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 401

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 295

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/components/com_content/router.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 90

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::base() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 109

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRoute::_() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/modules/mod_mainmenu/legacy.php on line 107

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/methods.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 372

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRouter::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 674

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 675

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/router.php on line 419

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/vasginek/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

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BMI Kalkulator

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Kalkulator kalorija

Starost(god)
Visina(cm)
Težina(kg)
Pol
Aktivnost

Kalkulator trudnoce

Unesite datum poslednjeg ciklusa:
TORCH
Ocena korisnika: / 2
LošeNajbolje 
Napisao Administrator   

Ako ste trudnica ili planirate trudnoću, a vaš ginekolog vas uputi na TORCH, znači da vas šalje na analizu na zarazne bolesti - toksoplazmozu, rubeolu, citomegalovirus i herpes. Međutim, skraćenica TORCH ili TORCHES sadrži početna slova za pet, ali i više (kongenitalnih) infekcija koje su opasne ako se dogode u trudnoći, jer mogu uzrokovati smrt ili teške bolesti ploda i komplikacije kod novorođenčadi koja obole penosom infekcije putem posteljice, odnosno razmenom krvi zaražene trudnice i ploda. Te bolesti su:

 

* T - Toksoplazmoza (uzročnik Toxoplasma gondii)

* O - Ostale infekcije (to mogu biti: hepatitis B, sifilis, Varicella-Zoster infekcije, Parvovirus B19, HIV i druge)

* R - Rubella (uzročnik Rubella virus)

* C - Citomegalovirusna infekcija (uzročnik Cytomegalovirus)

* HE - HErpes (uzročnici - humani herpes simplex virusi - HSV 1 i 2)

* S - Sifilis (uzročnik - bakterija iz roda spirocheta - Treponema pallidum)

Sve ove bolesti slične su po simptomima, a promene koje nastaju kao rezultat bolesti zahvataju vitalne organe malog organizma: srce, kožu, oči i CNS. Svih pet bolesti može uzrokovati zapaljenje oka (chorioretinitis) i mikrocefaliju (smanjena  glava - obim), kao posledicu zastoja rasta mozga, te žarišne kalcifikacije u mozgu s trajnim oštećenjima i teškim posledicama.

Većina je virusnog porekla, ređe bakterijskog. Prenos uzročnika krvlju sa zaražene trudnice na plod moguć je bilo kad tokom devet meseci trudnoće ili tokom porodjaja, mešanjem fetomaternalnog krvotoka. Posebna je opasnost u činjenici da trudnica često ima blagu infekciju bez ikakvih simptoma. 

 

Toksoplazmoza

Njome je zaražena trećina svetskog stanovništva, koji su inače zdravi i bez simptoma bolesti. Uzročnik Toxoplasma gondii je mačji parazit, koji se nalazi u izmetu ili hrani (voću i povrću) koja je njime zaražena. Trudnica se može zaraziti kontaktnim putem ako ne pere ruke. Rizik prenosa na plod iznosi 25 posto u prva tri meseca, 50 posto u drugom tromesečju i 65 posto u zadnjem tromesečju trudnoće.

Dijagnoza se postavlja pretragom na IgM i IgG antitela. Za potvrdu bolesti koristi se i PCR molekularni test krvi za dokaz Toxoplasma-DNA. Trudnica treba izbegavati kontakt s mačkama,  održavati higijenu ruku i obvezno ih prati nakon rada  i pripreme hrane: salate, sirovog voća, povrća i sirovog mesa.

Rubeola

Uzročnik je Rubella virus iz porodice Togaviridae. Ako trudnica oboli, preporučuje joj se prekid trudnoće, jer antivirusnog leka protiv rubeole nema. Ako se zarazi u prvih 20 nedelja, spontani pobačaj moguć je u 20 posto slučajeva, rizik od oštećenja fetusa čak u 80 posto, a ostane li živo, novorođenče boluje od niza teških bolesti. U drugom trimestru rizik od oštećenja je 25 posto. Dijagnoza se potvrđuje nalazom pozitivnih IgM Rubella antitela, koja u krvi mogu biti prisutna i više od godinu dana. Kako postoji vakcina, ženska deca vakcinišu  se još u osnovnoj školi. Dobro je pre trudnoće proveriti status antitela u krvi i, ako se ne nađe zaštitnih IgG antitiela, treba se vakcinisati.

Citomegalovirus

Većina stanovništva je latentno prokužena Cytomegalovirusom (CMV) iz herpes porodice. Međutim, u svetu je 30 posto žena reproduktivne dobi negativno na CMV, pa su one u trudnoći ugrožene jer nemaju zaštitnih antitela u krvi. Najviše su pod rizikom vaspitačice, učiteljice i doktorke, budući da su deca vrtićke i školske uzrasti često zdravi CMV kliconoše. Pretrage za dokaz CMV infekcije su IgM i IgG antitela, ali i PCR molekularne pretrage za CMV-DNA.

Genitalni herpes

Humani Herpes simplex virus tipa 1 i 2 uzročnici su genitalnog herpesa. Bolest može biti velik problem ako se prva infekcija dogodi tokom trudnoće, ili ako je reaktivacija prisutna u vreme porodjaja. Dete se može zaraziti herpesom i teško oboleti od upale oka, mozga ili pluća i završiti fatalno ili s teškim oštećenjima. Zato se porodjaj trudnica s primarnom ili recidivirajućom genitalnom herpes infekcijom treba završiti carskim rezom.  Vaš ginekolog će odlučiti o načinu porođaja kako bi se maksimalno zaštitilo novorođenče. Dijagnostika se sprovodi iz krvi (anti HSV1/2 IgM i IgG antitela) ili se iz brisa uretre i kruste dokazuje HSV-DNA PCR dijagnostikom.

Parvovirus B-19

Uzročnik je tzv. pete dečje bolesti s osipom. Infekcija trudnica retko se događa, jer je većina žena u detinjstvu prebolela tu bolest. U slučaju da nije i u krvi nema zaštitnih IgG antitela, a radi s malom decom (vaspitačicaa, učiteljica, zdravstvena radnica i sl.), preporučuje se praćenje trudnoće radi povećanog rizika od pobačaja, jer zaraza ploda može izazvati anemiju i smrt fetusa.

Varicella-zoster

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) uzrokuje vodene bulice i zoster. Prenosi se kapljično i direktnim kontaktom (često u vrtiću i školi). Rizik da se žena zarazi prvi put u trudnoći je oko 5 posto, jer je 95 posto ljudi vodene bulice prebolelo u detinjstvu. Opasnost za plod je velika kod zaraze trudnice između 13. i 20. nedelje, i ako trudnica oboli nedelju dana prije poroda. Trudnice koje nisu imale vodene bulice, mogu ih dobiti od osoba koje imaju akutnu zoster infekciju, jer virus koji u mladih uzrokuje bolest, u starijih osoba oslabljenog imuniteta uzrokuje zoster. AntiVZV IgM i IgG antitela dijagnostikuju se iz krvi ili metodom PCR i izolacijom VZV-DNA iz lezije.

Sifilis

Iako je ova klasična polna bolest danas, srećom, retka , ubraja se u TORCHES kompleks. Uzročnik je bakterija Treponema pallidum i leči se antibioticima. Dođe li do akutne zaraze u trudnoći, moguć je pobačaj, mrtvorođenje ili porođaj deteta s kongenitalnim sifilisom. Testiranje na sifilis i hepatitis B kod nas je obavezno za sve trudnice. Poželjno je da se trudnica testira i na HCV i HIV, a najbolje bi za ishod trudnoće bilo da se takva testiranja učine i pre trudnoće.

Kako se manifestiraju

Najčešći simptomi su visoka temperatura (groznica) i slabo sisanje. Novorođenčad su često premala za gestacijsku dob. Mogu biti prisutni i znakovi osipa, koji se po izgledu i karakteru javljaju u formi petehijalnog (tačkastog) krvarenja iz kapilara u kožu. Čest je nalaz hepatosplenomegalije (jako povećanje jetre i slezene), uz žuticu (jako žutilo kože i beonjača). TORCH infekcije mogu uzrokovati i poremećaje sluha, vida, mentalnu retardaciju, autizam i smrt.

Zaseban dijagnostički algoritam

Za svaku pojedinu zarazu iz TORCHES sindroma postoji zaseban dijagnostički algoritam. U novorođenčadi s nekim ili većinom opisanih simptoma rade se ciljane analize krvi, mokraće i spinalne tečnosti na prisutnost svih navedenih uzročnika TORCHES sindroma, a pozitivni nalazi potvrđuju kulturom na specifičnog uzročnika i nalazom povišenih vrednosti IgM antitela u krvnom serumu, nastalih kao imunološki odgovor na infekciju (serološka dijagnostika) ili molekularnom dijagnostikom direktnog dokaza genskog materijala mikroorganizma (PCR dijagnostika).

Lekovi ne pomažu

Za većinu TORCHES infekcija danas raspoloživi lekovi nisu dovoljno efikasni. Ipak, posledice zaraze majke varicella-zoster virusom i rubellom mogu se spriječiti imunizacijom žena pre trudnoće.

 
 
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